Kava kava is an herbal remedy that some people use to relieve stress and anxiety and boost sleep. This plant extract has a calming, euphoric effect that some people compare with that of alcohol. Kava kava, or simply kava, has a long history of use in alternative medicine and traditional ceremonies. More recently, it has
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Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s insulin production and blood sugar levels. New research, however, suggests that the scope of this condition may be broader than previously thought, as scientists find a link between type 2 diabetes and cognitive decline over 5 years. New research suggests that type 2 diabetes
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Antiretroviral therapy treats HIV by suppressing the virus’ activity in the body. For most people who take them, these medications are very effective at keeping HIV under control. Treatment helps to improve quality of life, and it can ensure that a person with HIV has a similar life expectancy to a person without the virus.
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A sprayable anticancer gel that rouses the immune system could help stop tumor recurrence and spread after surgery. Spraying an anticancer gel onto the surgery site after tumor removal can help reduce cancer spread. Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) are leading the team that is developing the gel, which comes in
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LEEP stands for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. Doctors perform them to detect or treat cervical cancer. During a LEEP, an electrical current passes through a loop of wire. A doctor uses the wire to cut abnormal cells from the cervix. They send a sample of these cells to a laboratory to detect signs of cancer
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A person may miss a period for a number of common reasons. Ovarian cancer is a rare cause of a missed period. Ovarian cancer affects the ovaries, which are female reproductive organs that sit on either side of the uterus, or womb. This type of cancer may develop from various cell types in the ovaries
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Urine comprises water, salts, and waste products from the kidneys. The balance of these compounds can affect the urine’s acidity levels, which specialists measure in pH. The pH is the measurement of how acidic or alkaline a person’s urine is. Doctors often test the urine pH, and they may perform other diagnostic tests, when a
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Chronic back pain can sometimes be a symptom of advanced prostate cancer. However, there are many other possible causes of back pain. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. This gland is part of the male reproductive system and is involved in the production of semen.
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A widely held belief has it that the more we use our brains, the less likely it is that we will experience mental decline as we age, but to what extent is this notion true? A new study tests whether flexing your brain with problem-solving tasks can help prevent age-related mental decline. As we get
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Appendix cancer is a rare type of cancer that grows in the appendix. There are several different types of appendix cancer, and a person often experiences no symptoms in the early stages. The appendix is a tubular, finger-like sac around 4 inches in length that connects to the first part of the colon. Scientists do
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Stage 4 lymphoma occurs when cancer has spread to a distant part of the body outside of the lymphatic system, such as the spinal cord, lungs, or liver. Lymphoma is cancer that originates in a type of white blood cell called lymphocytes. These cells travel through the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s
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New research uses nanosensors to detect protein-to-protein interactions that may signal cancer. The findings may prove especially useful for identifying lymphocytic leukemia much earlier on. The nanosensors may help detect leukemia blood cells, (shown here). Cancer is one of the leading causes of death both in the United States and worldwide. According to the National
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Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that has gained a lot of attention for its purported health benefits. But what is glutathione, and does it actually affect the body? Some people swear by its anti-aging properties, while others say that it can treat autism, increase fat metabolism, and even prevent cancer. Read on for more information
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New research has revealed that targeted cognitive training can successfully reduce cognitive impairment in treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Altering certain neural pathways may improve cognitive ability in people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is one of the 15 leading causes of disability globally. In the United States, this condition affects more than 3 million people. Symptoms of schizophrenia
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