Month: March 2019

A recent study in mice showed that reheated cooking oil might trigger cell changes that can promote late-stage breast cancer growth. A new study looks at the effect of reused cooking oil on breast cancer metastasis. Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign tested “thermally abused frying oil,” which is cooking oil that has
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Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition of the large intestine, which people also call the colon. It is an autoimmune condition, which means the immune system works against its own cells and tissues. It may result in swelling, inflammation, and small sores on the lining of the colon. Symptoms can include: loose or urgent bowel
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Practicing meditation or mindfulness techniques is, at least anecdotally, supposed to smooth your way to a happier, more healthful life. But what does science say about these practices? What does research say about the effects of meditation and mindfulness? We investigate. Meditation “keeps our minds and hearts calm, peaceful, and loving, i.e., in the right
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A federal judge has struck down a small-business health insurance plan widely touted by President Donald Trump, marking the second setback in a week for the administration’s health care initiatives. U.S. District Judge John D. Bates wrote in his opinion late Thursday that so-called “association health plans” were “clearly an end-run” around consumer protections required
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Dementia — an umbrella term for various neurodegenerative conditions involving memory loss and other forms of cognitive impairment — is hard to treat because its causes remain unknown. Researchers, however, are making painstaking progress. A new approach to dementia research may bring us closer to a treatment, but unexpected challenges could halt this progress. Dr.
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A substance present in the popular coralberry plant may halt the development of eye cancer. The scientists previously thought that these findings were impossible. Coralberries could eventually help stop the spread of eye cancer. Survival rates for eye cancer are generally high, according to the American Cancer Society. However, when it becomes metastatic — that
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The blood-brain barrier is a protective layer that surrounds the brain. Its main function is to prevent potentially harmful agents from leaking into this organ. However, it can also stop certain therapeutic drugs from reaching their target. Using ultrasound in new ways could open the door to better treatments for conditions that affect the brain.
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A randomized controlled study finds that a diet low in carbs can relieve pain for people who have knee osteoarthritis. Seniors with knee osteoarthritis may benefit from switching to a low-carb diet. Osteoarthritis is the most widespread form of arthritis among older adults in the United States. Knee osteoarthritis, in particular, affects about 10 percent
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New research has identified mutations in the DNA code that may affect energy metabolism. It also found a link to major depressive disorder. Could mutations in mitochondria cause depression? The World Health Organization (WHO) describe depression as “the leading cause of disability worldwide.” It affects more than 300 million people around the world. Experts believe
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A person can experience visual hallucinations for many reasons, including consuming hallucinogenic substances or as a symptom of schizophrenia. But what are the brain mechanisms that explain hallucinations? New research aims to reveal more about how hallucinations manifest in the brain. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) defines hallucinations as “perception-like experiences
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Researchers have already identified obesity as a risk factor for cancer, so some doctors recommend reducing caloric intake to help prevent tumors. However, a new study now finds that prevention may be less about how many calories you consume and more about when you eat your meals. Research in mouse models shows that time-restricted eating
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In recent years, the ketogenic diet has become increasingly popular with people who want to lose weight quickly. A new study asks whether this dietary pattern works as well in females as it does in males. Does the keto diet work for women? Experts originally designed the ketogenic diet, which people often refer to as
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Researchers have found that the dust in our households may harbor numerous chemicals that may accelerate the development of fat cells, potentially contributing to obesity. The dust in your house may contain harmful chemicals. In recent years, researchers and international policymakers have expressed concerns about the effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals, a class of substances that
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a type of neurodevelopmental disorder. Although people typically associate this condition with children, it often persists into adulthood. Symptoms include disorganization, restlessness, and an inability to focus. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 60 percent of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the United States
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Researchers are finding new evidence that exercise — even low-intensity, casual physical activity — can boost brain health in the short- and long-term. Frequent but leisurely exercise can boost brain health. Evidence that exercise can benefit the brain and help maintain cognitive function — including memory — is accumulating. One study, for instance, suggests that
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Traumatic memories can severely affect a person’s quality of life when they become intrusive thoughts that lead to anxiety and continue to cause distress. For this reason, scientists are now looking into ways of weakening such memories and lessening their impact. Is it possible to ‘treat’ traumatic memories? People who experience traumatic events may find
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